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LiChen

2015 U.S. ART Field Trip: Natural History Museum of L.A.

2015 U.S. ART Field Trip: Natural History Museum of L.A.
今年U.S. ARTS校外教學圓滿落幕了,在活動之前,有不少學生反應自然歷史博物館他們已經去過了,也有家長疑問為什麼要到校外寫生呢?難道不能在教室看著照片畫或者臨摹畫作嗎?

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事實上,戶外寫生可以更一步強化孩子的"觀察力"和"記憶力",臨摹照片或畫作固然是學習方式之一,但畢竟是攝影師或藝術家已經處理過的”理想畫面”;而真實世界的景物、光影、與背景相當龐雜,戶外寫生是鍛練孩子從頭思考的一個好策略,在三十分鐘甚至更短的時間內,孩子們必須費心觀察、理解細節,學會去蕪存菁,一筆筆將他眼睛觀察到的景物轉化成紙上的作品。當學生親眼見到等比例的動物、肌肉生長、毛皮質感,他們受到的震撼與啟發是圖片教學不能取代的。

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此外,校外寫生的環境與教室是截然不同的,寫生時候干擾因素非常多,可能有日曬高溫,也會有行人停下腳步指指點點、品頭論足、拍照錄影;教室外也有很多新奇好玩的東西吸引小孩的注意力。寫生可以培養孩子的專注力及一顆安靜的心,讓他們在畫畫時不會到外界因素的干擾。
這次校外寫生,U.S. ARTS的學生展現了高水準的能力,孩子們提筆即畫,毫不怯場,大大方方地展現他們的作品,這也歸功於教師在寫生之前一個月有系統的習作訓練,讓學生能很快進入狀況。


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本次的寫生四所分校共有超過百位學生參與,團體寫生的競爭與時間壓力,會讓學生更專注也更大膽的放手去嘗試,許多孩子努力創作到最後一分鐘,甚至離開博物館還捨不得放棄這難得的機會。相信經過這次在館內臨場作畫的實踐經驗,當他們下次再進入博物館時,觀察事物的眼光與仔細程度必定有所不同。
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特別感謝各位家長支持及義工的協助! 校外教學相片已放在學校的網站 http://www.usartsdesign.com/pages/gallery

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Brian

Plaster Casts of Non-Western Sculptures?

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Here at US Arts we are fortunate to have many great plaster busts to draw from. In my class, we make frequent use of these copies of old masterworks, as well as other, more academic plasters. Students are able to learn quite a lot from drawing these things –– especially about light logic.

 
Terracotta

But, I was wondering –– why are all our plasters cast from Western sculptures? After all, we have many students from non-Western backgrounds; why not incorporate some statues from a wider variety of cultural backgrounds? Certainly there are many masterpieces of sculpture depicting the human form from the various cultures of East, Southeast, and South Asia –– as well as other places. Some Native American groups, like the Maya and Andean cultures, also developed a high degree of naturalism in their sculptures, and would add a fun diversity to our drawing options. 

 
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K'inich Janaab' Pakal – one of the greatest Mayan rulers (lived 603 - 683 CE).

My co-worker and fellow US Arts teacher, Christina Lee, also pointed out that the sculptures need not even be that representational; the interesting, abstracted forms of African sculptures and masks could also provide students with great material for a technical rendering every bit as rigorous as from a naturalistic sculpture.

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Full of excitement, I spoke to our campus director and got the green light for the idea! I began to search on the internet for plaster casts of non-Western sculptures, and –– hit a brick wall. There didn’t seem to be any! Don’t get me wrong; there were plenty of poor copies (the kind you might see for sale in a museum gift store, or from some street vendor catering to the kitsch tastes of tourists). But a reproduction is not the same thing as a plaster cast; usually a reproduction is far inferior in quality. A plaster cast is by no means perfect, but it does at least contain a more faithful echo of the original, and the grace that is too easily lost when reproduced by a person working on an assembly line geared towards mass-production.

It would be great if some of the cultural institutions that currently house these great masterpieces of non-Western sculpture could look into whether or not plaster casts might be made without damaging the originals. Here are some great sculptures I wish were available in plaster casts:

Guanyin
Guan Yin, China (Currently in Santa Barbara Museum of Art)

Unkei
Realistic portraiture by Japanese master, Unkei.

Unkei2
Another by Unkei: Wrathful guardian deity.

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Not all the "Terracotta Soldiers" were created equal; some show a vastly superior sensitivity in the way their facial features were handled by the artists who molded them. Of course that's what one would expect; there are some 8,000 of these guys! They can't all be masterpieces. However, the two I selected for this blog certainly are masterpieces. If we could have faithful reproductions of the more refined examples – not ones generated purely for profit, but for serious, aesthetic study – now that would be progress!

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U.S. Arts

孩子很真很單純請多給他們愛

你還記得愛最初的樣子嗎? 看看孩子眼中的愛,很單純很溫暖